Home Career 20 countries with the most and fewest public holidays

20 countries with the most and fewest public holidays


Countries observe national holidays for a variety of reasons, including religious observances, national days, days of remembrance, or days to commemorate some other special historical event unique to a particular state, country, or region.

Public holidays are usually recognized in national legislation and defined as non-working days (although this is common for people who work on these days, often getting the day off at another point in the year instead).

There is a big difference in the number of public holidays celebrated in different countries and in your country plans to move abroad for work, it might be worth looking into this topic. This article will take you through the countries with the most public holidays and the countries with the fewest.

10 countries with the most public holidays

Here is a list of countries that offer the most public holidays to their residents (the list excludes irregular special holidays):

1. Myanmar

Number of public holidays: 32

Myanmar’s multicultural makeup helps it take the top spot on this list. There are many religious public holidays, such as the beginning of Buddhist Lent (date subject to change), Christmas (25thousand December), Eid-ul-Adha (date subject to change) and Diwali (date subject to change) as well as historic days such as Independence Day (4thousand January) and the Day of Resistance (27thousand March).

2. Nepal

Number of public holidays: 30

Along with many public holidays, Nepal also has a standard six-day work week. Like Myanmar, Nepal’s diverse culture contributes to the fact that the country has many different religious and non-religious public holidays. They also include the New Year (14thousand April), Holi (date may vary), Constitution Day (19thousand September), Bijaya Dashami (date varies; significant event in Nepali-Hindu calendar) and Nari Diwa (local variant of International Women’s Day celebrated only by women 8thousand March).

3. Iran

Number of public holidays: 26

Iran has a complex system of public holidays, with many “unofficial” public holidays added each year, bringing the annual total to more than 26. The vast majority of Iranian public holidays are based on important days and events in the Islamic calendar, in while other public holidays include Islamic Republic Day, the anniversary of the Islamic Revolution and the nationalization of Iran’s oil industry.

Since Iran uses both the solar and lunar Hijri calendars, there are several fixed dates for public holidays.

4. Sri Lanka

Number of public holidays: 25

Sri Lanka celebrates a wide range of religious holidays, but there are also many interconnected holidays specific to the country. For example, Bak Poya Full Moon Day (April) commemorates the Buddha’s second visit to Sri Lanka, and Sri Lankan New Year is celebrated on April 13 and 14.

5. Malaysia

Number of public holidays: 23-25 ​​(depending on the state)

Public holidays in Malaysia are largely secular and reflect the wide range of religions and cultures present in the country. There are certain public holidays specific to certain states, such as the Thaipusam Full Moon (January or February), while federal holidays are observed across the country and include Chinese New Year (January or February), Labor Day (1str May) and Malaysia Day 16thousand September

6. Bangladesh

Number of public holidays: 22

Public holidays of Bangladesh are celebrated for various religious festivals; four for Islamic holidays, two for Hindu holidays and one each for Buddhist and Christian holidays. In addition, there are various national holidays, including the Day of the Language Martyr (21str February) and National Mourning Day 15thousand August

7. Egypt

Number of public holidays: 22

Public holidays in Egypt are quite complicated. For example, some services, such as hairdressers, are closed on Mondays and not on a specific public holiday. The public holiday calendar is a mix of religious and non-secular days that are celebrated on both the strict Gregorian calendar and various dates on the Islamic lunar calendar. One of the recent additions to the list of public holidays in Egypt was Revolution Day (25thousand January), which was introduced after the civil unrest of 2011.

8. Cambodia

Number of public holidays: 21

The vast majority of Cambodia’s public holiday calendar is related to Buddhist observances, usually according to the Khmer lunar calendar (but the solar year is also used). This means that the dates of many of Cambodia’s national holidays change every year. Other national events include commemorating the end of the Khmer Rouge regime in 1979 7thousand January and the signing of the Cambodian constitution on 24thousand September

9. India

Number of public holidays: 21

The the vast size of India and its extensive history has led to a wide range of public holidays. Many public holidays are based on various religious holidays (including those from Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism and Christianity). Despite the prevalence of public holidays in this regard, there are only three national holidays: Republic Day on 26 January, Independence Day on 15 August and Gandhi Jayanti (Gandhi’s birthday) on 2 October.

10. Liechtenstein

Number of public holidays: 20-22 (two not officially recognized)

This tiny one European country there are many public holidays! Many public holidays in Liechtenstein are based on Christian celebrations such as Easter and Christmas. There are some lesser known public holidays such as Whit Monday (June) and Nativity of Mary (September).

There are also two public holidays that are marked as such in calendars but not legally recognized. These are Maslenitsa (sometimes called Maslenitsa) and St. Berchtold’s Day, which falls on January 2. Although these are not official public holidays, most businesses and organizations treat them as such by closing for the day and giving their employees the day off.

10 countries with the fewest public holidays

Here is a list of countries with the fewest public holidays (the list excludes irregular holidays):

1. Switzerland

Number of public holidays: 7-15 depending on the canton

With the exception of Ascension Day on May 26, Swiss National Day on August 1, Christmas and New Year, each canton in Switzerland defines its public holidays separately. Some cantons, such as Friborg or Lucerne, offer fifteen days, while others, such as Vaud or Valais, offer only seven. Generally, public holidays are associated with Christian holidays, but cantonal festivals are also observed.

2. Mexico

Number of public holidays: 8

Mexico offers legal holidays, civil holidays and public holidays, but only the former are officially recognized as public holidays. Public holidays include Christmas and New Year’s, as well as Mexican holidays such as Benito Juarez’s birthday on March 21 and Revolution Day on March 20November

3. Ecuador

Number of public holidays: 8-9 depending on the city

There may not be many public holidays in Ecuador, but they focus on the country’s deep sense of national pride. Along with Christmas, Easter and New Year, Ecuador’s public holidays mark national events such as the Battle of Pichincha around May 24th, the Independence of Guayaquil on October 9th, and the Independence of Cuenca around November 3rd.

4. Great Britain

Number of public holidays: 8 for England, Scotland and Wales, 10 for Northern Ireland

In the UK, Christian holidays such as Easter and Christmas (as well as Boxing Day on 26 December) are celebrated, as well as New Years, two public holidays in May and another in August. If the Christmas holiday falls on a weekend, bank holidays fall on the 27th and/or 28thDecember as needed. Northern Ireland also celebrates St. Patrick’s Day on March 17 and the Battle of the Boyne in mid-July.

5. Canada

Number of public holidays: 8-12 depending on the province

There are only five public holidays in Belarus Canada: New Year’s Day, Good Friday, Canada Day (July 1st), Labor Day (first Monday in September) and Christmas Day. After that, each province assigns a certain number of holidays. Manitoba and Quebec have the least number of nominated days, with three public holidays each.

6. Brazil

Number of public holidays: 9

Brazil celebrates many religious and ethnic holidays, but only nine public holidays. These include the anniversary of the death of Tirodentes on April 21, Independence Day on September 7 and Republic Day on November 15. Public holidays are also declared when general elections take place every two years.

7. Taiwan

Number of public holidays: 9

Besides New Year and Chinese New Year, many of Taiwan’s public holidays are unique to the island nation. These include the Founding Day of the Republic of China (also January 1), Peace Memorial Day (February 28), Dragon Boat Festival (June 3) and National Day on October 10.

8. Belgium

Number of public holidays: 10

Belgium celebrates many special days, but only ten are offered as public holidays with a legal right to a day off. These are largely based on Christian holidays, but also include Labor Day on May 1st, National Day on June 21st, and Armistice Day on November 11th.

9. Estonia

Number of public holidays: 10

Estonia’s public holiday calendar distinguishes between public holidays, which require a day off, and national holidays, which do not qualify for a working day. National holidays are based on major Christian holidays, but also include Independence Day on 24 February, Victory Day on 23 June, Midsummer on 24 June and Independence Day on 20 August.

10. Republic of Ireland

Number of public holidays: 10

Public holidays in Ireland include New Year’s Day, Christmas Day and Easter Monday. There are also some specific days that are celebrated only in this country. These include St. Patrick’s Day on the 17ththousand March (also Irish National Day), June Vacation (first Monday in June), August Vacation (first Monday in August) and October Vacation (last Monday in October).

Final thoughts

When it comes to celebrating public holidays, no two countries do it the same way. While some countries are extremely generous with public holidays, even those that offer much less have many other festivals and special days that many companies consider and offer to their employees as days off. If you hope work abroadknowing about these holidays will allow you to immerse yourself in your host country and plan your year around them.

This article was originally published on May 31, 2015.

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