India and China have been in intense border confrontation since early May. Even as the region approaches the winter season, the Himalayan conflict is far from over, and the two countries are still holding rounds of discussions on breeding in Ladakh.
After a violent clash on June 15 between two Indian and Chinese PLA soldiers, which led to the failed killing of 20 Indian soldiers and an unconfirmed number of the Chinese side, New Delhi used various tactics to confront China.
India has not only banned more than 100 Chinese applications for security reasons, but New Delhi has also levied heavy taxes on some Chinese imported goods. The Indian government has made it mandatory for any nation that has a border with India to obtain a permit to invest in the country. This was not said, but it was clear that the move was directed against China.
The Indian Ministry of Education is now considering making it mandatory for Indian universities to obtain government approval before signing a memorandum of understanding with the educational institutions of the countries sharing the land border with India.
As part of India’s new education policy, the Ministry of Education conducted a review of co-created Confucius classes at seven Indian universities and colleges.
The Confucius Program is a program in Chinese language and culture funded by the Bureau of the International Chinese Language Council. In July, the Ministry of Education announced an investigation into higher education institutions that offer Chinese language instruction in connection with their ties to Hanban.
Apart from India, countries such as the US and Australia have also aroused suspicion in connection with the Hanban-run Confucius Institutes. The United States has named the Confucius Institutes a foreign propaganda mission of the Chinese government’s global education programs.
According to The Hindustan Times, the Indian Ministry of Foreign Affairs was reluctant to make binding approvals for partnerships with institutions from friendly countries such as Bangladesh, Bhutan and Nepal bordering India. The ministry explained that it does not object to mandatory approvals.
“We have discussed this issue with the Ministry of Education. Now they will have to implement it through an order, ”a high-ranking official of the Southern Bloc was quoted in the information message.
Earlier, China reacted to India’s decision to investigate universities that offer courses in Chinese (Mandarin). It said that all institutions were established after the signing of legally binding cooperation agreements, and India should not politicize interpersonal and cultural exchanges between the two countries.
We hope that the Indian side will consider the Confucius Institutes as well # China–# India Cooperation in higher education is objective and fair, avoid the politicization of normal cooperation and support the healthy and stable development of international and cultural exchanges between China and India. https://t.co/hYBwYAEP67 pic.twitter.com/5nXgK45AtC
– Ji Rong (@ChinaSpox_India) August 4, 2020
The Hanban website shows that in India there are three CIs at the University of Mumbai, the Velor Institute of Technology and the University of Outstanding Professional. The Chinese Faculty of Calcutta, Bharatiyar University and the University of Kyrgyzstan Mangalam are also being inspected.
The University of Mumbai and the Kolkata School of Chinese Languages have been asked by the Ministry of Education to submit documents relating to their partnership and details of their exchange activities with Confucius Headquarters in China for consideration.