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And bonds have risen in popularity as riskier assets slip.
The bonds are backed by the federal government, the principal amount does not lose value, and the bonds yield a monthly interest rate in two installments: a fixed rate and a variable rate. Currently the variable component will be pay a record 9.62% per annum by October, US Treasury Department announced in May. This figure changes every six months.
“If you’re a person who wants to maximize risk-free profits and you don’t need that money for at least a year, this is an investment in which you should become the number one priority on your list,” said personal finance expert Suze Orman.
Typically, the limit that a person can invest in bond I is $ 10,000 annually Direct treasury. But for those who want to get more, there are several strategies available.
“It turned out to be an incredible investment during all the downturns that have occurred,” Orman said, referring to the 2008 recession, the 2018 market downturn and the pandemic recession.
Here’s what you need to know:
In addition to purchasing $ 10,000 bonds for themselves, people who expect to receive a federal tax refund may choose $ 5,000 in paper I bonds.
While getting paper bonds is a small hassle, you can switch them to digital.
“Once you receive the paper and bond, you can convert your paper and bond to electronic and bond through Treasury Direct,” said Ken Tumin, founder and editor of DepositAccounts.com.
However, most people who want to buy I bonds this year will not be able to take advantage of this opportunity. To get a refund in Paper Bonds I, you had to send an IRS 8888 form along with your tax return.
Married couples and children
The limit on purchasing bonds I is one person, so a married couple can invest up to $ 10,000 in an investment annually or up to $ 15,000 each if they both also choose to receive a tax refund on paper bonds I.
Families with children can also invest up to an annual limit on behalf of each child. To do this, the parent must create a Treasury Direct account for the child and then make a purchase.
Of course, this money counts as a gift and should be used for the benefit of the child, said Christopher Fleece, a certified financial planner and founder of Resilient Asset Management in Memphis, Tennessee.
Business or trust
People who run a business or have a living trust can also extend the limit on buying bonds I by buying assets on behalf of the organization.
“There are several organizations that are allowed to buy I bonds,” said John Scherer, CFP and founder of Trinity Financial Planning in Madison, Wisconsin, including LLCs, corporations and sole proprietors.
This means that even if you are self-employed and file taxes on the C IRS list as a small business, you can purchase I bonds worth up to $ 10,000 annually for that business. This purchasing power also extends to live trusts, through which people can purchase an additional $ 10,000 in bonds I per year.
Thus, a married couple, each with a business and living trust, could purchase up to $ 60,000 annually in bonds I, as well as $ 5,000 per person in paper bonds, bringing their annual income to $ 70,000. . If the couple had two children, they could purchase an additional $ 20,000 of bonds I on their behalf.
Jose A. Bernat Bassett | Moment | Getty Images
Of course, buying bonds I for so many different people and organizations can be challenging. Every individual or entity for which you purchase I bonds must have a Treasury Direct account – they cannot be combined – so you will need to make sure that every login and password is secure.
Depending on when you buy bond I, you will also need to keep track of when you will be able to access the money. You cannot withdraw funds from bonds I for one year, and if you touch money for up to five years, you will miss the interest for the last three months that accrued on your principle immediately before the sale.
Also, many people may be unwilling or unable to put tens of thousands of dollars into I-bonds that they can’t touch in one year. In general, I bonds make sense of both part of its emergency fundaccording to Fleece.
He thinks of it this way: part of your emergency fund should be fully liquid, cash, ready for deployment. But if you have extra funds that exceed what you need in cash, it makes sense to put some of that money into I-bonds to outperform low-risk inflation.
“This is for the next level of your emergency fund,” Fleiss said.
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Disclosure: NBCUniversal and Comcast Ventures are investors Acorns.