The World Health Organization said on June 25 that monkeypox is not yet a public health emergency of international concern. More than 4500 cases have been registered worldwide, with over 300 in the US And because health officials can’t follow all chains of transmission, they are likely underestimating the number of cases. Everyone should know about its symptoms, how it spreads and the risks of getting worse.
Q: Should I be worried about monkeypox?
The American public is currently at low risk for monkeypox. It spreads among men who have sex with men, but it’s only a matter of time before it spreads to others. This was reported by the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control as of June 27 10 cases among women. Monkey pox is usually a mild disease, but can be serious or even fatal for people who suffer from it. immunodeficiency, pregnant women, fetus or newborn, women who are breastfeeding, small childrenand people with severe skin diseases eg eczema.
But monkeypox could become endemic in the US and around the world if it continues to spread unchecked.
Q: How is monkeypox spread?
Monkey pox it is a viral infection, a close relative of smallpox. But it causes a much milder disease.
It is transmitted through close contact, including sex, kissing and massage – any kind of contact between the penis, vagina, anus, mouth, throat or even skin. During the current outbreak, monkeypox is primarily sexually transmitted.
Condoms and dental dams reduce but not prevent all transmission because they only protect against transmission to and from the skin and mucous membranes that are covered by these devices. It is important to know that the virus can penetrate broken skin and enter through mucous membranes, such as the eyes, nose, mouth, genitals, and anus. Scientists do not know whether monkeypox can be transmitted through semen or vaginal fluid.
Monkeypox can be transmitted through respiratory droplets or “sprays” over a distance of several feet, but this is not considered a particularly effective mode of transmission. Whether monkeypox could be transmitted via aerosols, as is the case with COVID-19, is not known, but it has not yet been documented.
It is not known whether it is possible to contract monkeypox if a person has no symptoms.
Q: What are the common symptoms of monkeypox?
Symptoms of monkeypox can develop within 21 days of infection and may include fever and chills, enlarged lymph nodes, rash and headaches.
It is not known whether monkeypox always shows some or all of these symptoms.
Experts now believe that monkeypox, like smallpox, will always cause at least some of these symptoms, but that opinion is based on science before 1980, before more sophisticated diagnostic tests became available.
Q: What does the monkeypox rash look like?
The monkeypox rash usually starts with red spots and then turns into a filled liquid later pus-filled bumps what can look like blisters or pimples. Cones then open up into ulcers and scab over. People who have monkeypox should be considered contagious until the sores are finished and fall off. Monkeypox ulcers are painful. Previously, the rash often appeared on the palms and soles, but many people in this outbreak suffered external and internal lesions of the mouth, genitals and anus. People may also experience rectal pain or a feeling of needing to have a bowel movement when their bowels are empty.
Q: How do I get tested for monkeypox?
If you have symptoms of monkeypox, including oral, genital, or anal lesions, contact your nearest sexual health clinic for testing. A medical professional should take a swab from any suspicious lesion for analysis. There is also new evidence for this throat swabs may be useful in screening for monkeypox, but health officials in the US do not recommend them yet.
Q: Is there a vaccine for monkeypox?
yes. Two vaccines are effective in preventing monkeypox: Jynneos vaccine and ACAM2000 vaccine. FDA approved Jynneos vaccine for the prevention of monkeypox and smallpox in people 18 years of age and older. ACAM2000 is FDA approved for the prevention of smallpox. Currently, only the Jynneos vaccine is used in the US because it is safer and has fewer side effects.
Jynneos vaccine is safe. It has been tested on thousands of people, including people who immunodeficiency or have skin conditions. Common side effects of the Jynneos vaccine are similar to those of other vaccines and include fever, tiredness, swollen glands, and irritation at the injection site.
Jynneos vaccine is effective in preventing monkeypox within four days of exposure and may reduce the severity of symptoms if given within 14 days of exposure.
Q: Can you get the monkey pox vaccine?
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention currently recommends vaccination against monkeypox only for those at increased risk: people who have had close contact with a person with monkeypox; men who have sex with men and trans women who have recently had multiple sexual partners in a place where monkeypox is known or in an area where monkeypox is endemic; and some health care workers, laboratory workers, first responders, and military personnel who may come into contact with victims.
Jynneos vaccine supplies are currently limited. The Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health and Human Services for Preparedness and Response will immediately release 56,000 doses from the Strategic National Stockpile. An additional 240,000 doses will be available in the coming weeks, 750,000 doses later this summer and 500,000 this fall, for a total of more than 1.5 million doses.
Q: What are some other ways to reduce the risk of monkeypox transmission?
The best way is to tell yourself and your sex partners about monkeypox. If you fear you have monkey pox, get tested at a sexual health clinic. Many emergency rooms, urgent care centers, and other health care facilities may not be aware of monkeypox. CDC link to find a sexual health clinic near you https://gettested.cdc.gov/.
Abstain from sex if you or your partner has monkeypox. And remember that condoms and mouthguards can reduce, but not eliminate, the risk of transmission. The CDC also warns about the risk of attending raves or other parties where many people are scantily clad, as well as visiting saunas and sex clubs. This is mine other suggestions like washing sex toys and bedding.
Q: Is there a cure for monkeypox?
There is no proven safe treatment for monkeypox. Most cases of monkeypox are mild and get better without treatment within a few weeks. Medicines such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen can be used to reduce fever and muscle aches, and medicines such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and opioids can be used to relieve pain. Rarely, some patients – such as immunocompromised people, pregnant women, fetuses or newborns, breastfeeding women, young children and people with severe skin conditions – develop more severe disease and may require more specific treatment. Doctors are trying experimental treatments like cidofovir, brincidofovir, tekavirimatand vaccine immune globulin. When given early in the infection, the Jynneos and ACAM2000 vaccines can also help reduce the severity of the disease.
Q: What misinformation is being spread about monkeypox?
There are many conspiracy theories about monkey pox. Monkey pox is not a hoax. Monkey pox is real. Covid vaccines cannot give you monkey pox. Monkey pox was not invented by Bill Gates or pharmaceutical companies. Monkey pox did not come from a laboratory in China or Ukraine. Migrants crossing the US-Mexico border did not bring monkeypox to the US. There is no need for a monkeypox vaccine or monkeypox adjustment.
KHN (Kaiser Health News) is a national newsroom that produces in-depth journalism about health issues. Along with policy analysis and surveying, KHN is one of the three main operating programs in the KFF (Kaiser Family Foundation). KFF is a non-profit organization that provides health information to the nation.